From Gainesville, Florida, USA:
How can diabetic ketoacidosis, if left untreated, lead to gangrenous bowels?
Among the signs and symptoms of DKA [diabetic ketoacidosis], the abdominal signs (pain, nausea, gastric distension, vomiting and anorexia) are frequently a predominant feature, sometimes mimicking an acute abdominal condition (called an "acute abdomen"), raising the issue of whether the DKA has been precipitated by a primary intraabdominal disorder. The abdominal pain is a particularly worrisome complaint since it is often accompanied by voluntary guarding and generalized tenderness and elevation of some serum enzymes (amylase, transaminase) that do not always have diagnostic specificity of an abdominal disorder and often are misleading.
Care must be exercised to determine whether such changes are indicative of a significant coexistent disease (and then not to overlook a surgical abdomen) or only incidental as often happens. The mechanism of the acute abdominal pain that is often present in patients with DKA is still unknown: diabetic neuropathy and/or electrolyte deficiencies might play a major role.
Original posting 14 Jan 2001
Posted to Hyperglycemia and DKA
Last Updated: Tuesday April 06, 2010 15:09:18
This Internet site provides information of a general nature and is designed for educational purposes only. If you have any concerns about your own health or the health of your child, you should always consult with a physician or other health care professional.
This site is published by T-1 Today, Inc. (d/b/a Children with Diabetes), a 501c3 not-for-profit organization, which is responsible for its contents. Our mission is to provide education and support to families living with type 1 diabetes.
© Children with Diabetes, Inc. 1995-2018. Comments and Feedback.