What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition in which people have abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in their blood. There are two main types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 2 diabetes is by far the more common type of diabetes. It accounts for over 90% of all diabetes cases. Type 2 diabetes was once known as "adult-onset diabetes" but this term is no longer used because Type 2 is on the rise in all age groups, including among children. Type 2 is increasing primarily because more children and adults are becoming overweight and obese.
People with diabetes lose the ability to control the level of sugar in their blood. Sugar rises to excessive levels in the blood because it can't enter the cells of the body - in the usual way and because an excess of sugar is produced in the liver. So, for example, without sugar getting inside the muscle cells, these cells don't have enough fuel to keep the body working properly. The same is true for other cell types throughout the body.
The main feature of type 2 diabetes is the body's resistance to the action of insulin in the cells. This is a condition known as insulin resistance. Obesity may be the single most important factor in the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
The National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2005 from the Centers for Disease Control has a general overview of diabetes.
Additional Information About Type 2 Diabetes
- What is Insulin Resistance?
- What Causes Insulin Resistance?
- How Does Type2 Differ From Type1?
- What is Double Diabetes?
- How Can Doctors Tell the Type of Diabetes a Child Has?
- How Common is Type2 Diabetes in Children and Youth?
- Who is at Risk for Type2 Diabetes?
- How Can You Tell if a Child is at Risk for Type2?
- What is Pre-Diabetes?
- What are the Signs and Symptoms of Type2?
- What is Hypoglycemia and Hypergylcemia?
- How is Type2 Diabetes Managed in Children and Youth?
- What Role Does Medication Play in Managing Type2?
- What is the Role of Lifestyle in Managing type 2 Diabetes?
- Why is Physical Activity Important in Managing Type2?
- What is the Impact of Exercise on Blood Glucose?
- How Does Eating Healthy Help in Managing Type 2?
- What are Ways to Help You Cope with Type2 Diabetes?
- Are There Camps for Kids with Type2 Diabetes?
- What are Resources to Help Kids Cope With Diabetes?
Last Updated: Wednesday February 01, 2017 18:50:11
This Internet site provides information of a general nature and is designed for educational purposes only. If you have any concerns about your own health or the health of your child, you should always consult with a physician or other health care professional.
This site is published by T-1 Today, Inc. (d/b/a Children with Diabetes), a 501c3 not-for-profit organization, which is responsible for its contents. Our mission is to provide education and support to families living with type 1 diabetes.
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