Need Help

Submit your question to our team of health care professionals.

Current Question

See what's on the mind of the community right now.

Meet the Team

Learn more about our world-renowned team.

CWD Answers Archives

Review the entire archive according to the date it was posted.

July 4, 2002


Question from Liberty Boro, Pennsylvania, USA:

My 10 1/2 year old son has had very good control of his diabetes until this past year. He has gained almost 8 pounds, his numbers have been very high, and the doctor has confirmed he has begun puberty. What should we expect? He just had a seizure last week, and we are so frightened that it may happen again! It can get very discouraging for him and us!


From: DTeam Staff

Yes, a seizure for any reason can be very frightening. This may his only one. It is interesting that it seems some people have their own predisposition to certain hypoglycemic reactions: some people usually just feel shaky and sweaty; for some people, they usually get a headache or lethargic; and for some people, they may often have seizures. Hypoglycemia can cause a seizure to most anyone. Why some folks are more “predisposed” is not always certain. Be certain that you have your Glucagon Emergency Kit. I generally advise that you keep one wherever your child with diabetes may frequently go: home, school, grandma’s, babysitter’s, etc.

If your son has had higher glucoses lately, that often occurs with puberty as the puberty hormones antagonize the effects of insulin to some degree. Plus, teens tend to have big changes in the appetite which might be reflected in his weight gain, but tight control leads to weight gain also.

You did not mention what type of insulin regimen that your son receives, but often the scenario you describe occurs with an over aggressive treatment of a high sugar with extra insulin and/or not balancing the meal plan with activity. If he is on split doses of intermediate-acting insulin (e.g. Lente or NPH) plus a short-acting insulin (e.g. Regular, Humalog, or Novolog, then it may be time to give consideration for a more physiologic insulin regimen that allows more fine-tuning and flexibility with meal plans and activities. This would be a basal/bolus insulin regimen. This could be done with an insulin pump, but I usually recommend that patients first improve their carb counting skills and use a basal/bolus regimen with a long-acting insulin (e.g. Ultralente or Lantus (insulin glargine) with the short-acting insulin given with meals. This multiple daily injection (MDI) regimen works well for many active folks with diabetes. Talk to your son’s diabetes team!